History of Volkhov painting on wood

"Volkhov" painting on wood has been known since the 19th century and has a special picturesqueness. Its feature is the central element - the so-called "Volkhovsky" rose, surrounded by leaves of various shapes. Bright original painting decorated household items of the Russian house and hand spinning wheels of "gilded" and "krashenka".

Volkhov rosan is well recognized, thanks to a gradient brushstroke and rich colors. The painting is created simultaneously in two colors, one color when applied "passes" into another, creating a play of sunlight on the petals of plants.

The painting was mainly done in villages on the right bank of the river. Volkhov in the area called Spasovschina. The centers for the production of spinning wheels were the villages of Syretskoye, Slavkovo, Verkhovyna. The earliest items preserved in museum collections date from the 1880s.

There were two types of spinning wheels, depending on the colors and decor used:

  • Spinning wheels are gilded. They were painted mainly in villages on the right bank of the Volkhov River. Gilding compositions are distinguished by rich shades and abundant use of gold color.
  • Spinning wheels They differ from gilding in the absence of painting in gold - instead of it they used yellow paint. The decor of the puppies was also much more modest. Such spinning wheels were made mainly on the left bank of Volkhov, in the Novaya Ladoga district.
Прялки. Волховская роспись

"Named" spinning wheels were especially appreciated. A dark strip was located around the perimeter from the central composition with rosan, on which the name of the owner of the item, and sometimes the master, was written in yellow or gold letters.

At the beginning of the XX century, in connection with a change in the way of life in the countryside, the tradition of making hand-made spinning wheels and applying traditional painting faded.

In the late 1960s. an attempt was made to revive the painting in a small kitchen utensil production in the city of Volkhov. In the future, wood painting became a separate workshop. However, these were not exact versions of the elements of peasant painting, but the artists' own designs. By the 1990s such a job.